|Product type||Multi-purpose chair|
Dimensions in mm
|Material||Seat and back: natural oak, dark oak or walnut with black pigmentation
Base: sheet steel and tubular steel
|Variants||Alternatively available as Standard SP with plastic seat|
|Care||To clean, wiping with a damp cloth and a mild detergent is recommended.|
|Certificates & Sustainability||Vitra conform to
ISO 90001: 2008 (Quality management systems)
ISO 14001: 2004 (Environmental management systems)
|Datasheet||Click for more information (ca. 0,2 MB).
Design and construction
When realising the design and construction of the Vitra Standard Chair, Jean Prouvé concentrated purely on static considerations: Because the hind legs bear the greatest burden, they need to be most stable, and hence are crafted from triangular shaped sheet steel. Conversely the relatively light load on the front of the chair allows for thin tubular steel legs and thus a charming formal contrast. Thus because static considerations were the base thinking behind the chair's design, the chair exists significantly distant from other chair designs and represents a successful crossover object between architecture and design. Originally the chair, and after having been preceded by three designs, was presented in 1934 as "Chair No. 4", it was further developed in the following years and then produced in Prouvé's own factory. The Vitra design classic is made with oak and walnut seat and backrest and a sheet steel and steel tube frame.
Jean Prouvé and Vitra
Along with Charles and Ray Eames, Vitra considered Jean Prouvé one of the great constructors of the twentieth century; however, one who had, and despite some re-editions, not received the attention he deserved for his pioneering designs. Today, the Swiss furniture manufacturer produces the original designs in close collaboration with Prouvé's daughter Catherine Prouvé; the basis for the cooperation is the designer's extensive collection of drawings and plans, which can be seen in several major museums around the world, such as the Center Pompidou in Paris. The original Standard Chair and other works by the artist are also part of the collection of the Vitra Design Museum in Weil am Rhein.