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Vitra

Eames Plastic Side Chair DSX

by Charles & Ray Eames, 1950 — from 225,00 €
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225,00 € *
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The Eames DSX was designed in 1948 by Charles and Ray Eames for the MoMA New York's "Low Cost Furniture Design" competition. The Eames DSX is the simplest of the Eames plastic chair collection and realises the functional, affordable and flexible demands of the period in a way that means it remains as contemporary and relevant today as then. Progress being what it is, since Charles & Ray Eames created their plastic chairs in the 1950s, the average height of the average human has increased; consequently, Vitra have responded by adapting the design to meet the needs of contemporary customers and in cooperation with the Eames Office have increased the bases of chairs by 2 cm.

Details

Product type Multi-purpose chair
Dimensions

Original seat height:
(1) Height: 81 cm
(2) Width: 46,5 cm
(3) Depth: 55 cm
(4) Seat height: 41 cm

New seat height:
(1) Height: 83 cm
(2) Width: 46,5 cm
(3) Depth: 55 cm
(4) Seat height: 43 cm
Material Seat shell: Dyed-through polypropylene
Base: steel tubing
Upholstery: Hopsak (100% polyamide)
Variants Optionally available with seat upholstery or full upholstery (for chairs with full upholstery: border welting black with black seat shell, otherwise white)
Available with either glides for carpet floors or felt pads for hard floors
(Please note: The chairs are equipped with black glides/pads, white glides/pads can be ordered separately.)
Colours Seat shell

Upholstery
Hopsak nero
Hopsak darkgrey
Hopsak nero/moor brown
Hopsak marron/moor brown
Hopsak cognac/ivory
Hopsak poppy red/ivory
Hopsak red/poppy red
Hopsak red/cognac
Hopsak grass green/forest
Hopsak ivory/forest
Hopsak mint/ivory
Hopsak ice blue/ivory
Hopsak dark blue/ivory

Functions & Properties Non-stackable
Care For cleaning the plastic elements always use a soft, damp cloth and a mild detergent.
Dust and fluff can be vacuumed, marks are best treated with a soft, damp cloth and a mild detergent.

Professional cleaning should be undertaken with the chair fully assembled and using upholstery foam or with a professional cleaning machine
Awards & Museums Permanent collection, MoMA, New York
Certificates EN 13761 (Office furniture - Visitor chairs)
EN 1728 (Furniture - Seating - Test methods for the determination of strength and durability)
Sustainability The Vitra Eames DSX is:
100% recyclable
contains up to 14% recycled material

Vitra conform to:
ISO 90001: 2008 (Quality management systems)
ISO 14001: 2004 (Environmental management systems)
Warranty 24 months
Accessories Suitable Seat Pad for Eames Side Chairs and Leather Seat Pads by Parkhaus Berlin or Seat Dots by Vitra
Product family Eames Plastic Chairs
Product datasheet Please click on picture for detailed information (ca. 1,0 MB).

Popular versions

Eames Plastic Side Chair DSX, White, Without upholstery, Without upholstery, Standard version - new (43 cm), Chrome-plated

FAQ

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Should the answers to your questions not be found here, our service team can be contacted Mon-Fri, 8 am to 6 pm via +49 341 2222 88 22.

How resilient are the Eames DSX chairs?

The Eames plastic chairs meet the "GS" norm and have been tested to carry a load of 110 kg. For the resilience of a chair however the sitting habits are just a important as the load capacity. Rocking on the back legs, for example, causes a very high load, which may shorten the life span dramatically.

Is it possible to retrofit upholstery to an Eames seat shell?

The Hopsak seat cushion are bolted to the seat shell. For the Eames side chair and armchair seat cushions can be ordered from Vitra, these should however only be fitted by experienced Vitra technicians as a special tool is required. Alternatively we can offer seat cushions from Parkhaus in a range of colours and either padded or non-padded.

Why is there a new seat height?

Since Charles and Ray Eames designed the chairs the average height of the population has grown by around 10 cm. Therefore, in addition to adjusting the height of the Eames Lounge Chair in 2015, Vitra also adapted the Plastic Chairs (DSW/DAW, DSR/DAR, DSX/DAX) to better meet current user needs. The bases of the chairs are consequently now on average 2 cm higher. The change is minimal and accordingly can only be seen in direct comparison. Bases of the original height (41 cm) are still available as spare parts on request.

How is the seat height measured?

The seat height is determined according to the European standard EN 1335-1. This states that the chair be clamped in a special tester and loaded with a weight. The dimensions are then determined in the loaded state. The seat height being measured at a position defined by the standard and when in the load bearing state. The stated seat height cannot be measured with a conventional measuring device, rather is a normalised comparison value so that different chairs (for example, with and without height adjustment, or with varying thickness of seat cushion, etc.) can be compared with one another.

How do I recognise an original Eames Plastic Chair?

On the underside of the seat shell, the material marking PP indicates the polypropylene used for the shell, a seal certifies the safety of the chair and a sticker indicates the place of manufacture and serial number. In addition, Vitra always supplies the original fully assembled.

Design Story

The Design

In 1948 the Museum of Modern Art in New York initiated the "Low Cost Furniture Design" contest; a search for innovative designs which met the demands of the modern American lifestyle through functionality, affordability and flexibility. With his plastic side chairs family Charles Eames was among the winners. After much experimentation with different materials he had developed a one-piece bucket seat made of fibreglass reinforced polyester resin. This combination of shape and material allowed the Eames side chairs and Eames armchairs to be produced in series. The Eames plastic chairs seat shells can be combined with different bases to create chairs suitable for all occasions and situations. The abbreviation of the Eames DSX stands for Dining Height Side Chair with X-Base; i.e. the slim shape of the side chair seat shell is combined with a simple four-legged steel tube base.

Underside of a Vitra DSX

The Vitra Eames DSX as a cafeteria chair (Copyrights: Delphin Design)

Production

The original design from the Vitra DSX and the other Eames plastic chairs was created by Ray and Charles Eames from polyester resin reinforced fibreglass. The advantages of this, at the time revolutionary material, including flexibility and good mouldability. In addition fibreglass is pleasant to touch and allows production of chairs at a more favourable price. Until the mid-1980s, the Eames side chairs and Eames armchairs were produced in this form by Herman Miller in the USA and Vitra in Europe; however, in 1992 environmental concerns about fibreglass forced both companies to cease production. In 1999 production of the Eames plastic chairs was resumed, now however in the new material polypropylene, a material which allows the same flexibility and mouldability - but without the environmental concerns. The Vitra Eames DSX Chair is available in eight different seat colours and two base variants and can optionally be provided with cushioning.

Designer

Today Charles & Ray Eames are principally known for their many pioneering furniture design. Yet their decade-long creative collaboration was not limited to one medium and in addition to the Eames furniture portfolio the pair also developed and realised numerous architecture, graphic, textile, film, photography and textiles projects. The beginning of their collaboration dates back to 1940 when Ray and Charles Eames met at the Cranbrook Academy of Art. In 1938 Charles Eames accepted a teaching position at the Academy, in 1940 Ray Kaiser, who had recently completed her painting studies in New York, arrived at Cranbrook for three month design course.In 1941 Ray Kaiser and Charles Eames married and moved to Los Angeles where in the following years they crated so man projects that would change our perceptions of our modern world. For all with the Eames plastic chairs family, including the Vitra DSX, they created objects true to their motto "The most of the best to the greatest number of people continuing the least,". The Eames Studio in Los Angeles remained in operation until the death of Charles Eames in 1978.

Charles and Ray Eames with their chair designs

The Vitra DSR as an outdoor chair with black frame, 2013

Manufacturer

At the very beginning of the Vitra success story stands the designs of Charles and Ray Eames. During a trip to America in 1953 Vitra owners Erika and Willi Fehlbaum saw an Eames chair in a shop window and were so inspired the couple sought permission from the US manufacturer Herman Miller to produce the designs in Europe. After long negotiations, the Fehlbaums acquired in 1957 the production licenses and in 1959 began with the production of the Eames DSX and the other plastic chairs chairs at their base in Weil am Rhein, Germany. Vitra remains today the only licensed manufacturer of Eames furniture in Europe. But perhaps more importantly the decades of close cooperation with Charles and Ray Eames has significantly influenced the company, so much so that the couples understanding of design has become an integral part of the Vitra corporate company philosophy.

Historical Context

The aim of the "Low Cost Design" contest was to draw attention to those innovative design and manufacturing capabilities which meet the new requirements of the post-war American society. These requirements were determined by the increasing demand for housing, a demand which was accompanied by rising rental prices. Furniture had to be flexible, affordable and capable of being produced en mass. So it should come as no surprise that Charles & Ray Eames plastic chair collection did well in the competition achieving second place. And even less surprised that they subsequently went on to dominate furniture design history. Depending on the choice of the frame the Vitra Eames plastic chairs can be used in the garden, the living room or office environments, a flexibility that made them as perfect for 1950s America as it makes then for our globalised 21st century society.

Eames armchairs in front of the VitraHaus in Weil am Rhein

More about 'DSX' in our blog

Eames Alchemy. Or how Charles and Ray Eames turned steel into plastic.....

...The Eames plastic side chair shell was released a year later in the complementary DSX, DSW, DSR, PSCC and RSR versions, and the first upholstered plastic chairs appeared in 1953...

DSR, RAR, DAW, ETC... Plastikstole af Charles og Ray Eames

...Tilsvarende kan steltypen hos DSX, PACC eller DAW ligeledes udledes af navnet...

DSR, RAR, DAW, ETC... The plastic chairs of Charles and Ray Eames

...Similarly the form of the DSX, PACC or DAW can be deduced from the name...

All 'DSX' Posts

Accessories

Seat Pad for Eames Side Chairs
Seat Dots
Leather Seat Pad for Eames Side Chairs

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