Colours trigger emotions and thus influence our mood. This is why the colour effect plays a decisive role, especially when it comes to interior design: we spend a large part of our time, whether at work or at home, in rooms, and thereby under the influence of colours. Thus colours should ensure harmony and create a balanced, uniform composition with the furnishings. Many use neutral white for the walls - white walls offer a proven basis for interior design and leave plenty of scope for colour combinations and changes. But if you want more colour in your four walls, you should proceed with self-confidence and intuition in terms of not only the walls but in terms of furniture selection and interior design. By way of a practical guide, we have put together some general rules, helpful tips and background information for you.
How do I find the right colour concept for my interior?
When choosing colours, relying on your own personal intuition and understanding is the best way to achieving a satisfying and sustainable result: this is however easier said than done. A good starting point is to create a colour concept with a maximum of 3-4 colours side by side: if the tones sit comfortably together on a piece of paper, they will also do so in your interior. Here you can fall back on a tone-on-tone colour concept or focus on contrasts. A look at the colour wheel provides a good orientation: colours that sit side by side here, such as yellow and green, create harmonious, flowing contrasts, exciting contrasts arise when complementary colours, i.e. colours that lie opposite each other in the colour wheel, are combined, such as, for example, green and red. Complete your colour concept with neutral colours such as brown, white, cream or grey in all their shades. Earth tones in particular are a treat for the eyes and ensure that the interior does not appear garish and restless. If possible, it is advisable to start small with the interior: Place a piece of furniture or another design object in your favourite colour, see how it relates to the rest of the interior, and slowly feel your way forward.
Colours and their effects
A simple colour wheel is divided into warm and cold colours. The primary colours yellow and red are on the warm side, and the primary colour blue is on the cold side. The transitions on both sides form the secondary colours, those which can be mixed from red, yellow and blue. The secondary colours include pink, violet, green, light green, turquoise and orange. Primary and secondary colours can in turn be mixed with black and white and thus produce mixed and grey tones in countless shades. Colours are perceived very differently individually, so that personal taste is the most important factor. Warm colours, however, always create a cozy, inviting and invigorating mood and reduce the size of rooms optically. The secondary colours pink, light green and turquoise alternate between warm and cold, appear fresh and cheerful like spring and make rooms appear larger. Cold colours in the blue spectrum recede. They ensure calm, a reserved, sober mood, visually expand rooms and are correctly used, elegant, subdued and contemplative. We have summarized the basic effect of the individual colours in the following table:
The colour of fire, love and passion is said to have an activating, warming and dynamic effect. In addition, red stimulates the metabolism and appetite. In the interior, red is particularly suitable for setting individual colour impulses. Too much red, on the other hand, quickly causes unrest.
Yellow is the colour of the sun and light and therefore triggers an optimistic, positive mood. As yellow also has an activating, stimulating effect and positively influences creativity, the colour is often used in children's rooms or conference rooms.
As the colour of the sea and the sky, blue ensures calm, concentration and clarity, makes us think and sometimes melancholic. Blue is therefore perfectly suitable for rooms in which you can relax. As the primary colour of the cold spectrum, blue tones can have a cool and refreshing effect.
We associate green with meadows and forests. That is why green also has a harmonizing and calming effect on us and gives us a feeling of security, hope and balance. In this way, green creates the best basis for getting creative and is therefore suitable wherever people work or read.
Pink blooming flowers make us happy in nature. With pink sympathy, idealism and order are associated. In addition, pink has a calming effect and reduces aggression.
Turquoise ensures freshness and a pleasant coolness. That is why turquoise is particularly popular in the Mediterranean. We associate turquoise with freedom and openness.
Orange conveys optimism and joie de vivre, brightens the mood and stimulates sociability and openness. In rooms, orange creates a cozy atmosphere.
The appropriate colour for every room
In the living room, the family comes together after work and school to relax and daily life occurs, or can if it wishes to. Depending on the individual taste, very different colours can be used here. Warm and muted colours such as brown, orange or yellow ensure comfort and a particularly homely atmosphere. While green spreads harmony and brings relaxation to the living room.
In the bedroom relaxation and tranquillity are in the foreground. Muted blue tones and bluish grey tones are particularly suitable here. Pink and beige have a harmonizing effect and the purity and neutrality of white also assists us perfectly in finding a peaceful sleep.
With a child's room, activity and tranquillity are equally important: they are rooms in which to play as much as to sleep. Ideally, you separate the two areas and decide on a suitable colour scheme. In order to support creativity, concentration and liveliness, there are no limits to the choice of colour and children are naturally fond of the colourful. Very bright colours and red are less suitable in children's rooms.
In addition to the living room, socializing is particularly popular in the kitchen. Here, warm, bright colours provide comfort and activate minds. Red is also said to have an appetizing effect. Due to its natural and fresh effect, green can also be the perfect choice for your colour concept in the dining room.
In the bathroom, blue and cool green tones bring freshness and a hygienic impression. Combined with a few green plants and splashes of colour in the form of runners, bathroom accessories or towels, the bathroom turns into a perfect wellness oasis.
Depending on whether you prefer peace and concentration in the home office, or whether you prefer working in an animated, dynamic and creative manner, influences the choice of the colour concept. Muted shades of blue promote concentration and calm and can be enlivened by elements in orange, yellow or beige: light green tones and activating colour accents in red or yellow provide a little more freshness.
Tips for decorating with dark walls
Interior design begins with the design of the walls and floor. And while there is an assumption that bright tones are optimistic, inviting and friendly and dark tones are melancholic; this is an assumption that isn't necessarily true. Dark walls in combination with the correct furnishings create a particularly cozy atmosphere and a feeling of security. Whereby the following applies: the key to the mood is not light or dark, but the undertones - it depends on whether your wall colour belongs to the cold or warm spectrum. If you choose a dark wall colour, you shouldn't paint all the walls the same. In order to provide a higher, more spacious feeling, especially in low rooms, it is advisable to paint the ceiling brightly. Bright accents and wood tones for furniture and home accessories create a more relaxed effect on dark walls and ensure cosiness. Contrasts between the colours of the furniture and wall colours also give your interior a special nuance. Complementary contrasts enhance the colour effect of the opposite colour and have an invigorating and dynamic effect. The most important rule here: be economical. As is well known, less is more, and it is therefore advisable to create a base of muted colours and natural and wood tones and develope that with colour accents through home accessories, lights and individual furniture designs.
Minimalism in white tones
White is not a colour in itself, but its countless gradations make it an ideal starting point for interior design and allow a clear, wide fresh feeling of space. White tones have always stood for innocence, purity and light and are extremely versatile. In addition to cream tones, powder tones are particularly popular in wall and interior design. Warm white tones are preferred here because they are cozy and inviting. White tones can also be combined with all furnishing styles and colours. A predominantly white interior can be brought to life with bright colour accents in red, green or yellow. Black and white contrasts or the combination of white and brown or shades of grey provide elegance and have a luxurious effect.
Trend colours over the years
When deciding on the right colour, we have the opportunity to fall back on new trend colours and current developments every year. Trend colours try to meet the lifestyle and current needs of people. In 2020, the range of trend colours is particularly wide and includes bright to pleasantly subdued tones. However, it clearly shows that blue tones are particularly popular this year, hues such as turquoise and dark blue, colours that remind us of Caribbean beaches or the calm depth of the sea. After Ultra Violet in 2018 and Living Carol 2019, the Pantone colour of 2020 is called Classic Blue and radiates calm, sovereignty and reference. It is so perfectly matched to our need for security and a reliable basis in troubled times. If you are looking for a timeless solution and lay little value on transitory trend colours, the best starting point is to consider which colours best represent your individuality and from there develop an individual colour design. This can take a bit of courage, but it delivers timeless results and ensures that you still feel comfortable in a certain room even after years.
Individual colour consulting at smow
You are seeking a special colour concept for your home, would like advice on the choice of colour for a particular project, or you are looking for colour-coordinated curtains for your interior design? Our smow furnishing consultants will be happy to assist. In our smow stores you will not only find high-quality designer furniture in a wide range of colours, but also a wide variety of fabric and material samples as well as wallpapers, curtains and much more. Drop in and let yourself be inspired.