...The Eames plastic side chair shell was released a year later in the complementary DSX, DSW, DSR, PSCC and RSR versions, and the first upholstered plastic chairs appeared in 1953...
|Product type||Multi-purpose chair|
Original seat height:
1: Height 81 cm
2: Width 46,5 cm
3: Depth 55 cm
4: Seat height 41 cm
New seat height:
1: Height 83 cm
2: Width 46,5 cm
3: Depth 55 cm
4: Seat height 43 cm
Please note that wood is a natural material. Every base is unique and due to the influence of UV-radiation the colour pigments in the wood change during use.
|Material||Seat shell: Dyed-through polypropylene
Legs: Maple or Ash
Base supports: Round steel, basic dark
Upholstery: fabric Hopsak (100% polyamide)
|Variants||Optionally available with seat upholstery or full upholstery (for chairs with full upholstery: border welting black with black seat shell, otherwise white)
Available with glides for carpets or felt pads for hard floors
(Please note: All bases are equipped with black glides/pads. White glides/pads can be ordered separately.)
|Functions & Properties||Not stackable|
|Care||For cleaning the plastic elements always use a soft, damp cloth and a mild detergent.
Dust and fluff can be vacuumed, marks are best treated with a soft, damp cloth and a mild detergent.
Professional cleaning should be undertaken with the chair fully assembled and using upholstery foam or with a professional cleaning machine
|Awards & Museum||Permanent collection, MoMA, New York|
|Certificates||EN 13761 (Office furniture - Visitor chairs)
EN 1728 (Furniture - Seating - Test methods for the determination of strength and durability)
|Sustainability||The Vitra Eames DSW is:
contains up to 14% recycled material
Vitra conform to
ISO 90001: 2008 (Quality management systems)
ISO 14001: 2004 (Environmental management systems)
|Accessories||Suitable Seat Pad for Eames Side Chairs and Leather Seat Pads by Parkhaus Berlin or Seat Dots by Vitra|
|Product family||Eames Plastic Chairs
|Product datasheet||Please click on the picture for detailed information (ca. 2,7 MB).
How much weight can a Vitra Eames DSW support?
The Vitra Eames DSW meets the "GS" test standards and is tested up to 110kg. The way in which the chair is used is also important. Swinging, for example, causes a higher strain which can reduce the chairs lifetime.
Which colour are the wooden legs?
The Eames DSW wooden legs are stained maple. They were previously available in a red tone; however, since 2009 they have been produced in a yellow tone. In 2013 Vitra introduced a dark maple and a black maple versions
Why is there a new seat height?
Since Charles and Ray Eames designed the chairs the average height of the population has grown by around 10 cm. Therefore, in addition to adjusting the height of the Eames Lounge Chair in 2015, Vitra also adapted the Plastic Chairs (DSW/DAW, DSR/DAR, DSX/DAX) to better meet current user needs. The bases of the chairs are consequently now on average 2 cm higher. The change is minimal and accordingly can only be seen in direct comparison. Bases of the original height (41 cm) are still available as spare parts on request.
Can upholstery be added to an non-upholstered seat shell?
The Hopsack seat cushion is fixed to the seat shell with screws. For both the Eames side chair and Eames armchairs seat cushions can be ordered from Vitra, attaching this does however require special tools and is a job for specially trained technicians. As an alternative (smow) offer cushions from Parkhaus which have been specially created to fit the Eames plastic chair series.
The fully upholstered version is composed of a formed polyurethane foam shell covered with the textile Hopsack.
The full upholstered seat shell is produced as follows:
The foam cushion is glued to the seat shell. The welting is heated and stitched to the cover, this complete unit is then heated. The cover is then fixed to the foam cushion and the welting bound to the seat shell. Through cooling the welting attaches itself firmly to the shell. Consequently it is not possible to fully upholster an unupholstered chair.
How is the seat height measured?
The seat height is determined according to the European standard EN 1335-1. This states that the chair be clamped in a special tester and loaded with a weight. The dimensions are then determined in the loaded state. The seat height being measured at a position defined by the standard and when in the load bearing state. The stated seat height cannot be measured with a conventional measuring device, rather is a normalised comparison value so that different chairs (for example, with and without height adjustment, or with varying thickness of seat cushion, etc.) can be compared with one another.
How do I recognise an original Eames Plastic Chair?
On the underside of the seat shell, the material marking PP indicates the polypropylene used for the shell, a seal certifies the safety of the chair and a sticker indicates the place of manufacture and serial number. In addition, Vitra always supplies the original fully assembled.
With their furniture designs Charles and Ray Eames wanted nothing less than "the most of the best to the greatest number of people for the least". Ideals to be found in their plastic chair series, including the DSW. Realised in context of the Museum of Modern Art New York's "International Competition for Low Cost Furniture" the plastic chair series, including the DSW entered production in 1950 through Herman Miller. In addition to its consequent combination of comfort, aesthetic and affordability, the Eames chairs are beloved for their flexibility. Available with armrests (armchair) or without armrests (side chair) and with a rod base, wood base, X base, stacking base, cast base on castors or as a rocking rod base. And from these combinations one constructs the name: the abbreviation DSW stands for Dining Height Side Chair Wood Base.
Ray and Charles Eames originally designed the Plastic Side Chairs and Plastic Armchairs from the then unknown fiberglass-reinforced polyester resin. The chairs were the first serially produced synthetic chairs in furniture history. The Eames' chairs were distributed by the American furniture producer Herman Miller and brought to Europe via Willi and Erika Fehlbaum with their very young company Vitra; before a few decades later, the then still revolutionary material, began to be considered ecologically untenable. The sustainable acting enterprise Vitra drew the consequences and stopped the production of the Eames plastic Chairs from fiber glass in 1993. It was not until 1999 or 2004, when production from recyclable polypropylene was possible, that the Swiss company included the Eames Chairs back in their range. In the US Eames DSW et al have since been made from more ecological polypropylene via Herman Miller. Thanks to the latest high-tech production methods, since 2018 Vitra has again been able to produce the Eames Fiberglass Chairs in their original material.
Charles and Ray Eames met in 1940 at the Cranbrook Academy of Art, where Ray Kaiser helped the architect students Charles Eames and Eero Saarinen with their preparations for the New York Museum of Modern Art's "Organic Furniture Competition" The following year the pair married. And in the following decades were to become one of the most productive and important partnerships in America design: in addition to furniture the pair produced buildings, films, toys, graphic designs, textiles and photographs. Although from 1950 onwards all works were officially credited to "Charles & Ray Eames" the division of tasks was clearly defined: Charles Eames concentrated on the technical aspects while the abstract artist Ray Eames focused on refining the aesthetic aspects of the projects. Through their liberating of the domestic space from the sober clarity of early twentieth century modernism, Charles and Ray Eames played a central role in helping create our modern understanding of freedom in interior design. When Charles Eames died on August 21st 1978, Ray Eames immediately closed the Eames Studio in Los Angeles. Ray Eames died exactly 10 years after her husband on August 21st 1988.
Since the 1950s the designs from Charles and Ray Eames have been exclusively distributed in Europe by the Swiss manufacturer Vitra. Established in 1950, Vitra's success story begins in 1953 when company founders Willi and Erika Fehlbaum discovered furniture by Charles and Ray Eames in a shop in New York. And were so taken they secured the European licence from the Eames' American partner Herman Miller. Over the decades the relationship between Charles and Ray Eames and Vitra developed from a purely business partnership to a personal relationship, a personal relationship that became so close that the Eames Archive is today in possession of Vitra. In addition to Charles and Ray Eames, Vitra also distributes furniture from international designers including Verner Panton, George Nelson, Jasper Morrison and Alexander Girard. Beyond furniture production, in the Vitra Campus in Weil am Rhein Vitra have amassed a unique collection of buildings by contemporary architects while the Vitra Design Museum, itself design by Frank Gehry, presents, largely self-curated exhibitions, devoted to contemporary design and contemporary culture.
As one of six designers Charles Eames participated in the Museum of Modern Art New York's 1948 "International Competition for Low Cost Furniture". The aim of the competition was to create furniture that responded to and fitted the new realities of post war living. For all the fact that increased rent meant that most Americas were forced to live in smaller houses and flats than before the war. Charles Eames was awarded second prize for family of fibreglass chairs that through combinations of different components allows use in a range of different scenarios. And a series that was to become one of the most iconic examples of 20th century furniture design.
The Vitra Eames Plastic Chairs: An Overview
Eames Side Chairs
Vitra Eames DSR
DSR: Dining Height Side Chair Rod Base
Vitra Eames DSX
DSX: Dining Height Side Chair X-Base
Vitra Eames DSW
DSW: Dining Height Side Chair Wood Base
Vitra Eames PSCC
PSCC: Pivot Side Chair Cast Base on Castors
Vitra Eames DSS-N / DSS
DSS-N/DSS: Dining Height Side Chair Stacking Base
More about 'DSW' in our blog
...Eksempelvis har 'Eames DSR - Dining height Side chair Rod base' og 'Eames DSW - Dining height Side chair Wood base' samme S-skal, men forskellige typer stel...
...And so one has, for example the Eames DSR - Dining height Side chair Rod base - and the DSW - Dining height Side chair Wood base...
All 'DSW' Posts