Innovation through tubular steel
Although the demand for a closer relation between art, craft and industry dates back to the middle of the 19th century, programmatically it was implemented by Bauhaus. Founded in 1919 in Weimar, an indispensable material for Bauhaus designers from the mid-1920s was bent steel tube, an industrial material which on the one hand embraced industrial manufacturing processes and on the other had the potential to establish a formal idiom that would clean up the overloaded historical precursors, highlighting a spirit of simplicity, functionality and purism. The Bauhaus tables in particular are steeped in this spirit: featuring as they do visible constructions of bent tubular steel, often in conjunction with elements made of laminated wood, and objects which are hard to surpass in terms of minimalist reduction.
Marcel Breuer's Bauhaus Tables
The designer and architect Marcel Breuer, who started his apprenticeship as a carpenter at the Bauhaus in the early 1920s, is inextricably associated with the Bauhaus table. In 1925 Breuer took over the management of the furniture workshop and quickly became an integral part of the institution and an artists who, before he was forced to flee to the USA in 1937, developed a large collection of tubular steel furniture, including numerous Bauhaus tables, almost all of which are produced by Thonet today and belong to the absolute classics of their era. In addition Bauhaus icons such as, for example the S 285 desk, the B 9 side tables designed as a set, and which, available in different heights, can be stacked according to the nesting table principle; or the Laccio coffee tables which Breuer designed in 1925 at the Bauhaus are now produced by Knoll International.
Couch and side tables in the spirit of the Bauhaus
Not all so-called Bauhaus tables were designed by Marcel Breuer directly at the Bauhaus, but rather many examples were created in the spirit of the Bauhaus movement and embody the concerns of the international, today classic, modern age. A prime example of this classic modernity is, for example, the Adjustable Table E 1027 by the Irish designer Eileen Gray from 1927 - geometric shapes in the style of El Lissitzky meet functional, height-adjustable side table design. The LC10-P table from the legendary LC collection by the architects Le Corbusier, Pierre Jeanneret and Charlotte Periand from 1927 can also be counted among the Bauhaus tables thanks to its clear glass and steel construction.