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With the design and the construction of the Vitra Standard chair the French designer Jean Prouvé concentrated on the statics: Because on the hind legs bear the greatest burden they were designed with triangular sheet steel, while for the lower legs more refined thin tubular steel legs suffice to overcome the load. Today Vitra produce the design classic with seat and backrest made of oak or walnut and a base made of sheet steel and round tubular steel.


Product type Multi-purpose chair

Dimensions in mm

Material Seat and back: natural oak, dark oak or walnut with black pigmentation
Base: sheet steel and tubular steel
Variants Alternatively available as Standard SP with plastic seat
Care To clean, wiping with a damp cloth and a mild detergent is recommended.
Certificates & Sustainability Vitra conform to
ISO 90001: 2008 (Quality management systems)
ISO 14001: 2004 (Environmental management systems)
Warranty 24 months
Datasheet Click for more information (ca. 0,2 MB).

Popular versions

Standard, Base deep black/Seat, back natural oak
Standard, Base deep black/Seat, back dark oak
Standard, Base Japanese red/Seat, back dark oak
Standard, Base ecru/Seat, back dark oak
Standard, Base japanese red/Seat, back natural oak
Standard, Base ecru/Seat, back natural oak

Design Story

Design and construction

When realising the design and construction of the Vitra Standard Chair, Jean Prouvé concentrated purely on static considerations: Because the hind legs bear the greatest burden, they need to be most stable, and hence are crafted from triangular shaped sheet steel. Conversely the relatively light load on the front of the chair allows for thin tubular steel legs and thus a charming formal contrast. Thus because static considerations were the base thinking behind the chair's design, the chair exists significantly distant from other chair designs and represents a successful crossover object between architecture and design. Originally the chair, and after having been preceded by three designs, was presented in 1934 as "Chair No. 4", it was further developed in the following years and then produced in Prouvé's own factory. The Vitra design classic is made with oak and walnut seat and backrest and a sheet steel and steel tube frame.

The original Standard is produced by Vitra

Original Standard Chair and EM Table by Prouvé

Jean Prouvé and Vitra

Along with Charles and Ray Eames, Vitra considered Jean Prouvé one of the great constructors of the twentieth century; however, one who had, and despite some re-editions, not received the attention he deserved for his pioneering designs. Today, the Swiss furniture manufacturer produces the original designs in close collaboration with Prouvé's daughter Catherine Prouvé; the basis for the cooperation is the designer's extensive collection of drawings and plans, which can be seen in several major museums around the world, such as the Center Pompidou in Paris. The original Standard Chair and other works by the artist are also part of the collection of the Vitra Design Museum in Weil am Rhein.

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