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Le Corbusier


Le Corbusier is the nom-de-plume of Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris (born in La Chaux-de-Fonds/Switzerland; died 27 August 1965 in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin/France). After studying painting and architecture at the local École d'Art, he initially worked for Josef Hofmann in Vienna, where he also made the acquaintance of Adolf Loos. Another important influence came when he was working in Paris in 1909 for over a year in the practice of Auguste Perret, a pioneering exponent of building with reinforced concrete using steel. During this period, he also visited the architect and urban planner Tony Garnier in Lyon. It was not long before Le Corbusier was focusing on modern reinforced concrete architecture. In 1917, he moved to Paris. Since he only had a few architectural commissions at the time, he spent much of his time painting, producing mainly still life's. In 1919, Le Corbusier joined the painter Amédée Ozenfant and the poet Paul Dermée to found the journal "L'Esprit Nouveau", in which he first began using his pseudonym in 1920. In 1922, Le Corbusier produced an urban planning concept for a Ville Contemporaine - a "contemporary city with a population of three million". In 1925, he collaborated with his cousin Pierre Jeanneret on designing a two-storied pavilion for the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs in Paris. The avant-garde architecture of that pavilion was complemented by furnishings of functional design and paintings by Le Corbusier, Ozenfant, Fernand Léger, Jacques Lipchitz and others. By 1927, Le Corbusier was among the leading practitioners of the New Architecture designing the housing for the Weißenhof Settlement in Stuttgart. Around 1942, he formulated his "Modular" theory, which was Le Corbusier's term for a system of proportion based on the Golden Mean that he used in his architectural designs, especially in his large-scale urban planning projects. Intended to facilitate architecture on a human scale based on an objective system, the Modular still remains one of the most controversial of Le Corbusier's theoretical approaches to architecture. A copy of Le Corbusier's famous Modular measuring tape has been re-issued by Vitra.

Le Corbusier

LC4 Chaiselongue from Cassina


More about 'Le Corbusier' in our blog

Le Corbusier and Zürich at the Museum für Gestaltung, Pavillon Le Corbusier, Zürich

...Given the very close connections between Le Corbusier and France, one could be forgiven for, occasionally, forgetting that he was born in Switzerland... With the exhibition Le Corbusier and Zürich the Museum für Gestaltung allow not only an insight into the Le Corbusier biography as charted by Switzerland's largest city, but also of his not always easy relationship with the country of his birth...

5 New Architecture & Design Exhibitions for June 2020

..."Le Corbusier and Zürich" at Pavillon Le Corbusier, Zürich, Switzerland When, in 1960, the Zürich gallery owner Heidi Weber asked Le Corbusier if he would accept a commission to build a museum in the city's Zürichhornpark, he paused, then replied, "Please understand, I’m not prepared to do anything more for the Swiss; they have never been particularly nice to me"... One which today serves less as a Le Corbusier museum and more as a location for explorations of and reflections on Le Corbusier...

Mon univers @ Pavillon Le Corbusier, Zürich

..."This house is a work by Le Corbusier" announces a yellow and white sign on the edge of the Zürichhorn park, "I commissioned it in his honour, and as a location from which to spread his ideas amongst a wider public" With the exhibition Mon univers the Pavillon Le Corbusier Zürich attempt to do just that via an exploration of the Swiss architect, artist, designer, author, et al, through a very specific filter: that which he collected... In 1960 the Zürich gallerist Heidi Weber proposed to Le Corbusier, to whose (and Jeanneret/Perriand's) steel tube furniture she, at that time, held the exclusive production and distribution rights, the construction of a new museum in Zürich: a museum by Le Corbusier for Le Corbusier...

5 New Architecture & Design Exhibitions for May 2018

..."Le Corbusier by the Sea" at Villa Stenersen, Nasjonalmuseet, Oslo, Norway Given his normal representation as a relatively stern, humourless, character, his brutalist constructions and his almost dystopian urban planning and transportation concepts, it's hard to image Le Corbusier on the beach... Yet, like us all, a Le Corbusier needed a bit of summertime R'n'R and in Le Corbusier by the Sea Oslo's Nasjonalmuseet document the summers 1926 -1930 which Le Corbusier spent in and around Le Piquey on the Bassin d’Arcachon near Bordeaux...

new at smow: Eileen Gray

...Although for many Gray's work will not as familiar as that of Marcel Breuer, Le Corbusier or Mies van der Rohe one should not underestimate the contribution made by Eileen Gray to the development furniture design in the 20th century... Through exchanges and conversation with the likes of Le Corbusier and the leading figures in the Bauhaus movement Eileen Gray not only created some of the true classics of early-20th century design but helped to define the Bauhaus principles of form follows function and less is more...


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